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Thursday, 14 January 2016

Aneesa Fatima


Aneesa Fatima
Malla Reddy College of Pharmacy
Maisammaguda, Secunderabad
Telangana, India
Tel: +918125343156
E-mail: aneesafatima.16@gmail.com


Synthesis of 5-amino-3-t-butyl-1-(2', 4'-dinitro)phenyl-1Hpyrazole (3)
A mixture of 4, 4-dimethyl-3-oxo-pentanenitrile (1, 34 mM), 2, 4-dinitrophenyl hydrazine hydrochloride (2, 35 mM) and 50 mL absolute ethanol along with few drops of AcOH were heated at the reflux temperature for overnight and cooled to room temperature. The mixture was evaporated under vacuum and the residue thus obtained was washed with ether, suspended in EtOAc, and treated with 1 M NaOH solution. The organic layer then separated, washed with brine, dried over anhydrous magnesium sulphate and concentrated. The solid which separated was collected, then washed with a mixture of ether and hexane to give 5-amino-3-t-butyl-1-(2', 4'-dinitro)phenyl-1H-pyrazole (3) [22].

General procedure for N-[3'-t-butyl-1'-(2", 4"-dinitro) phenylpyrazol-5'-yl] benzamide (5a-l)
To a solution of 5-amino-3-t-butyl-1-(2', 4'-dinitro)phenyl-1Hpyrazole (3, 9.3 mM) in dichloromethane (5 mL), triethyl amine (23 mM) was added drop wise. The appropriate benzoylchlorides (4a-k, 12 mM) in dichloromethane were added to the above reaction mixture drop wise and stirred for 3 hours at room temperature. The mixture was further diluted with dichloromethane and washed with water, brine followed by once again with water. Sodium sulfate was used to dry the organic layer; solvent was removed under vacuum to get the final derivatives (5a-l). All the compounds were purified over silica to get pure N-(3-tert-butyl-2, 4-dinitro-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl) benzamides (5a-l).

Compound characterization
N-[3'-t-butyl-1'-(2", 4"-dinitro)phenylpyrazol-5'-yl] benzamide 5a: Yield: 85%, m.p.: 190-192°C,

 IR (KBr) ν cm-1: 3362 cm-1 (NH str.), 3020 cm-1 (CH str. aromatic), 2950 cm-1 (CH str. methyl), 1643 cm-1 (NH bnd)  

1H NMR (CDCl3) δ (ppm): 1.23 (s, 9H, t-butyl), 6.18 (s, 1H, C4, pyrazole), 7.15-7.55 (m, 3H, C3', C4', C5' aromatic), 7.7-7.8 (m, 2H, C5, C6, aromatic), 7.9-8.1 (d, 2H, C2', C6', aromatic), 8.2 (s, 1H, C3, aromatic), 9.61 (bs, 1H, NH amide). 

ESI-MS (m/z): 410, 100% [M+H]+.

The intermediate compound 5-amino-3-t-butyl-1-(2', 4'-dinitro)phenyl-1H-pyrazole 3 was prepared in good yields by refluxing 4, 4-dimethyl-3-oxo-pentanenitrile 1 and 2, 4-dinitrophenyl hydrazine hydrochloride 2. The FT IR spectrum of 3 showed the presence of bands characteristic for primary amine at 3423.42 cm-1 and 3264.21 cm-1 which are attributed to the asymmetric and symmetric stretching respectively and aromatic hydrogen stretching band located at 3056.75 cm-1. The CH3 groups of t-butyl vibrations were observed at 2961.33 cm-1 and 2828.42 cm-1 and peak assigned for bending vibration of NH group was observed at 1625.94 cm-1. The1H NMR of 3 revealed a broad singlet at δ 3.77 ppm characteristic for primary amine group, multiplet at delta value of 8.05, 7.35 and 7.63 for C3, C5 and C6 aromatic protons and a pyrazolyl-C4-H as a singlet at 6.1 ppm. The nine t-butyl protons were found as singlet at δ 1.23 ppm. The EI Mass spectrum of 3 showed molecular ion peak at m/z 215.
When 5-amino-3-t-butyl-1-(2', 4'-dinitro)phenyl-1H-pyrazole 3 was stirred with substituted benzoylchlorides 4a-k in dichloromethane and triethylamine, pyrazolylbenzamides 5a-l were obtained in moderate to good yields (5j was reduced with stannous chloride to form 5l). The structures of the isolated compounds were determined by spectral methods.
The FT IR spectrum of 5a revealed characteristic NH band at 3362 cm-1, the aromatic hydrogen stretching was found at 3020 cm-1 and stretching vibrations of CH3 group of t-butyl band was noticed at 2950 cm-1. A band at 1595 cm-1 was assigned for the C=C stretching. The 1H NMR spectra displayed a broad absorption peak at δ 9.61 which was due to resonance of NH proton of amide while the pyrazol-C4-H and nine t-butyl protons appears as singlet’s at δ 6.18 and 1.23 ppm respectively. The aromatic protons appeared as doublet at δ 7.9-8.1 which indicated the resonance of C2', C6' protons. Three aromatic protons C3', C4', C5' resonated as multiplet at δ 7.15-7.55 and another multiplet at δ 7.7-7.8 integrated for two protons C5 and C6. C3 proton was observed as singlet at δ 8.2.

Design, Synthesis, Antimicrobial and Anti-inflammatory Activity of N-Pyrazolyl Benzamide Derivatives
Aneesa Fatima1*, Ravindra Kulkarni2 and Bhagavanraju Mantipragada3
1Malla Reddy College of Pharmacy, Maisammaguda, Secunderabad, Telangana, India
2SVERI College of Pharmacy, Gopalpur Ranjini Road, Gopalpur, Pandharpur, Maharashtra, India
3Sri Venkateswara College of Pharmacy, HITEC City, Madhapur, Telangana, India
Corresponding Author :Aneesa Fatima
Malla Reddy College of Pharmacy
Maisammaguda, Secunderabad
Telangana, India
Tel: +918125343156
E-mail: aneesafatima.16@gmail.com
Received: November 17, 2015; Accepted: December 07, 2015; Published: December 10, 2015
Citation: Fatima A, Kulkarni R, Mantipragada B (2015) Design, Synthesis, Antimicrobial and Anti-inflammatory Activity of N-Pyrazolyl Benzamide Derivatives. Med chem 5:521-527. doi:10.4172/2161-0444.1000311

Figure 1: Structure of VHw along with antibacterial activity against Bacillus subtilis (MTCC 619).


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